Online Textbook Bacteriology is continuously updated and includes information on Staphylococcus, MRSA, Streptococcus, E. coli, anthrax, cholera, tuberculosis, Lyme disease and other bacterial diseases of humans.
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The Online Textbook of Bacteriology is a general and medical microbiology text and includes discussion of staph, MRSA, strep, Anthrax, E. coli, cholera, tuberculosis, Lyme Disease and other bacterial pathogens.
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Tag words: Vibrio vulnificus.

Vibrio vulnificus

Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gamma Proteobacteria
Order: Vibrionales
Family: Vibrionaceae
Genus: Vibrio
Species: V. vulnificus

Kenneth Todar currently teaches Microbiology 100 at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.  His main teaching interests include general microbiology, bacterial diversity, microbial ecology and pathogenic bacteriology.

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Vibrio vulnificus (page 3)

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© Kenneth Todar, PhD


V. vulnificus infection is diagnosed by routine stool, wound, or blood culture. A special growth medium can be used to increase the diagnostic yield. Health care providers should have a high suspicion for this organism when patients present with gastrointestinal illness, fever, or shock following the ingestion of raw seafood, especially oysters, or with a wound infection after exposure to seawater.


Antibiotics are necessary for treatment of V. vulnificus infections. Effective antibiotics include tetracycline, third-generation cephalosporins (e.g., ceftazidime), and imipenem. In case of wound infection, aggressive debridement is necessary to remove necrotic tissue.

For additional information on Vibrio vulnificus

CDC - General Information
CDC - Technical Information
FDA/CFSAN  Bad Bug Book
FDA/CFSAN Prime Connection
Clemson University
Florida State University - Vibrio vulnificus
Florida State University - Toward Safer Oysters
NOAA Northwest Fisheries Science Center
UNC Charlotte - Oliver Research Lab


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Kenneth Todar is an emeritus lecturer at University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has taught microbiology to undergraduate students at The University of Texas, University of Alaska and University of Wisconsin since 1969.

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