Important Groups of Procaryotes (page 9)
(This chapter has 10 pages)
© Kenneth Todar, PhD
1. Balows, A., H.G. Truper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder, and K.-H.
(eds.). The Prokaryotes, 2nd ed. Springer-Verlag, New York. 1992.
Published in four volumes.
The most complete reference on the
of procaryotes. Includes procedures for the selective isolation and
of virtually all known procaryotes. The online edition at The
Prokaryotes has unfortunately been removed from the web.
2. Dworkin, M; Falkow, S.; Rosenberg, E.; Schleifer, K.-H.;
Stackebrandt, E. (eds.) The Prokaryotes, 3rd ed. Springer-Verlag, New
Vols. 1-7 (Set)
The Prokaryotes 3rd ed
The revised Third
Edition of The Prokaryotes, acclaimed as a classic
reference in the field, offers new and updated articles by experts from
around the world on taxa of relevance to medicine, ecology and
industry. Entries combine phylogenetic and systematic data with
insights into genetics, physiology and application. Existing entries
have been revised to incorporate rapid progress and technological
innovation. The new edition improves on the lucid presentation, logical
layout and abundance of illustrations. Expanded to seven volumes in its
form, the new edition adds a new, searchable online version.
3. Holt, J.G. (editor-in-chief). Bergey's Manual of Systematic
published as 4 volumes 1984-1989
Volume 1 (1984) Gram-negative Bacteria of general,
medical, or industrial importance
Volume 2 (1986)
Gram-positive Bacteria other than
Volume 3 (1989)
and remaining Gram-negative Bacteria
Volume 4 (1989)
This has been the standard
guide to bacterial taxonomy and identification throughout the nineties
and continuing into the new millenium. It was the usual place to begin
a literature survey or an identification process of a specific
group. The newer (second) edition, 2001 (below), takes a hierarchical
to classification based primarily on genetic similarities as reflected
16S and 23S ribosomal RNA sequences. As the second edition becomes
more available, it is sure to replace this classic, although it will
useful to aid in the identification of bacteria.
4. Holt, J.G. (ed). Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology.
Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology 9th ed
The book was compiled by
the phenotypic information contained in the four volumes of Bergey's
of Systematic Bacteriology. The arrangement of the book is strictly
no attempt to offer a natural higher classification. The arrangement
is utilitarian and is intended to aid in the identification of
The bacteria are divided into 35 groups, which are comparable to the
in the eighth edition and the "Sections" in the Systematic volumes.
groups are not meant to be formal taxonomic ranks, but are a
of the tradition of dividing the bacteria into easily recognized
groups. This arrangement is most useful for diagnostic purposes.
5. Garrity G.M. (ed). Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology.
Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed.
The second edition is being published in 5 volumes
Volume 1 (2001) The Archaea and the deeply branching and phototrophic
Bacteria. Editor-in-Chief: George M. Garrity; Editors: David R. Boone and
Richard W. Castenholz. Editorial Board: James T. Staley, David R. Boone, Don J. Brenner, Richard W. Castenholz, George M. Garrity, Michael Goodfellow, Noel R. Krieg, Fred A. Rainey, Karl-Heinz Schleifer.
Volume 2 (2005) The Proteobacteria. Editor-in-Chief: George M.
Garrity. Editorial Board: Don J. Brenner, Noel R. Krieg and James T.
Volume 3 (2008) The low G + C Gram-positive Bacteria. Editors:
Paul De Vos, George Garrity, Dorothy Jones, Noel R. Krieg, Wolfgang
Ludwig, Fred A. Rainey, Karl-Heinz Schleifer and William B. Whitman.
Volume 4 (2008) The Planctomycetes, Spriochaetes, Fibrobacteres,
Bacteriodetes and Fusobacteria. Editors: Brian Hedlund, Noel R. Krieg,
Wolfgang Ludwig, Bruce J. Paster, James T. Staley, Naomi Ward and
William B. Whitman.
Volume 5 (2009) The high G + C Gram-positive Bacteria. Editors:
Hans-Jürgen Busse, Michael Goodfellow, Peter Kämpfer,
James T. Staley, Ken-ichiro Suzuki and William B. Whitman.
of the most
comprehensive and authoritative works in the field of bacterial
taxonomy, has been extensively revised in the form of a five volume
Second Edition. Since the first edition was published in 1984, the
field has undergone explosive growth, with over 2200 new species and
390 new genera having been described. Numerous taxonomic rearrangements
and changes in nomenclature have resulted from more than 850 published
new combinations. These developments, which are attributable to rapid
advances in molecular sequencing of highly conserved regions of the
procaryotic genome, most notably genes coding for the RNA of the small
ribosomal subunit, have lead to a natural classification that reflects
the evolutionary history of Bacteria and Archaea, and to the
development of new, universally applicable methods of identifying these
organisms. This new edition has been completely reorganized along
phylogenetic lines to reflect the current state of procaryotic taxonomy
but still maintains the familiar layout of the First Edition. In
addition to the detailed treatments, provided for all of the validly
named and well-known species of prokaryotes, new ecological information
and more extensive introductory chapters have been added. Use of the
manual is aided by a system of cross referencing between the
phylogenetic groups and the phenotypic groups used in the First
Edition. In keeping with the tradition of the First Edition, volumes
will be available individually, and eventually as a complete set.
and taxonomy results from comparative
sequencing of ribosomal RNA. Two Domains of Procaryotes are identified,
Archaea and Bacteria. The Domains are subclassified into Phylum, Class,
Order, Family, Genus and Species. The Bacterial Domain contains 23
A genus outline that includes an index of organisms is available online
Manual Genus Outline 2001.